WASHINGTON — Four of the 10 Ohio Republicans seeking re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives were outdone by their Democratic challengers in fundraising during the first three months of this year — a troubling sign for Republicans in the state.

Reps. Mike Turner of Dayton, Steve Chabot of Cincinnati, David Joyce of northeast Ohio and Bob Gibbs of Lakeville all lagged behind Democrats in campaign fundraising for the first quarter of this year. In Chabot’s case, the lag was steep: He raised $171,335 last quarter to Hamilton County Clerk of Courts Aftab Pureval’s $664,347. Neither candidate spent any of their own money on the race.

In Turner’s case, Theresa Gasper, a small businesswoman from Dayton, raised $209,645 — $50,000 of it her own money — to pull in more than twice what Turner, an eight–term congressman from Dayton, raised last quarter. Turner raised $103,807.

But both Turner and Chabot can draw on money raised earlier this cycle and in past campaigns to help defend themselves: Turner has raised $687,949 in total this cycle and Chabot has raised $404,860. Chabot has $1.3 million in the bank; Turner has $566,366. Pureval has $650,765 in the bank. Gasper has $141,244.

In eastern Ohio, Gibbs has been outdone consistently by Democrat Ken Harbaugh. This quarter was no exception: Harbaugh raised $441,421 between Jan. 1 and March 31 and has raised $1.1 million this campaign cycle. Gibbs, meanwhile, raised $113,100 last quarter and has raised $569,051 to date. But Gibbs has one advantage beyond his own incumbency: As of March 31, he had $1.36 million in the bank. Harbaugh has $726,613.

And in northeast Ohio, Joyce raised $244,485 last quarter while his opponent, Democrat Betsy Rader, raised $276,755. Joyce has $774,020 in the bank while Rader has $403,491 to spend. Joyce, a Russell Township Republican, won his district with nearly 63 percent of the vote in 2016.

Republicans held fundraising advantages in both open seats in the state. In the state’s 16th congressional district, currently represented by U.S. Senate candidate Jim Renacci of Wadsworth, former NFL wide receiver Anthony Gonzalez raised $224,616 last quarter. He has $703,682 in the bank.

Gonzalez’s primary Republican opponent, state Rep. Christina Hagan of Marlboro Township, raised $90,790 last quarter and had $184,094 in the bank. Democrat Grant Goodrich of Cleveland $77,192 last quarter and has $48,919 in the bank. And in Ohio’s 12th congressional district, Republican candidates raised $1.39 million to Democrats’ $301,132 last quarter.

In central Ohio’s 15th congressional district, Rep. Steve Stivers holds a significant advantage over Democrat Rick Neal, raising $742,995 to Neal’s $142,161. Stivers, an Upper Arlington Republican, has $2.2 million in the bank while Neal has $239,697.

Rep. Joyce Beatty, D-Columbus, meanwhile, raised $124,647 last quarter and has more than $1 million in the bank. Republicans Abdulkadir Haji of Columbus and Jim Burgess of Gahanna had not posted FEC reports as of late Monday, meaning the FEC has yet to process their report or that they have not raised or spend the $5,000 required to file an FEC report.

Overall, incumbents continue to have a financial advantage: The 13 Ohio lawmakers seeking re-election raised $2.54 million last quarter and have $14.4 million in the bank. Challengers, meanwhile, raised $2.35 million last quarter and had $3.28 million in the bank, according to an analysis of FEC data.